# Mechanics of Materials by Timothy A. Philpot, P1.2

#### A 2024-T4 aluminum tube with an outside diameter of 2.50 in. will be used to support a 27-kip load. If the axial normal stress in the member must be limited to 18 ksi, determine the wall thickness required for the tube.

SOLUTION:

From the definition of normal stress, solve for the minimum area required to support a 27-kip load without exceeding a stress of 18 ksi $\sigma =\frac{P}{A}$ $A_{min}=\frac{P}{\sigma }$ $A_{min}=\frac{27\:kips}{18\:ksi}$ $A_{min}=1.500\:in.^2$

The cross-sectional area of the aluminum tube is given by $A=\frac{\pi }{4}\left(D^2-d^2\right)$

Set this expression equal to the minimum area and solve for the maximum inside diameter d $\frac{\pi }{4}\left[\left(2.50\:in\right)^2-d^2\right]=1.500\:in^2$ $\left(2.50\:in\right)^2-d^2=\frac{4}{\pi }\left(1.500\:in^2\right)$ $\left(2.50\:in\right)^2-\frac{4}{\pi }\left(1.500\:in^2\right)=d^2$ $d_{max}=2.08330\:in$

The outside diameter D, the inside diameter d, and the wall thickness t are related by $D=d+2t$

Therefore, the minimum wall thickness required for the aluminum tube is $t_{min}=\frac{D-d}{2}$ $t_{min}=\frac{2.50\:in-2.08330\:in}{2}$ $t_{min}=0.20835\:in$ $t_{min}=0.208\:in$

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