To practice Tactics Box 1.2 Vector Subtraction.
Vector subtraction has some similarities to the subtraction of two scalar quantities. With numbers, subtraction is the same as the addition of a negative number. For example, 5−3 is the same as 5+(−3). Similarly, A⃗ −B⃗ =A⃗ +(−B⃗ ). We can use the rules for vector addition and the fact that −B⃗ is a vector opposite in direction to B⃗ to form rules for vector subtraction, as explained in this tactics box.
To subtract B⃗ from A⃗ (, perform these steps: )
- Draw A⃗ .
- Draw −B⃗ and place its tail at the tip of A⃗ .
- Draw an arrow from the tail of A⃗ to the tip of −B⃗ . This is vector A⃗ −B⃗ .
Draw vector C⃗ =A⃗ −B⃗ by following the steps in the tactics box above. When drawing −B⃗ , keep in mind that it has the same magnitude as B⃗ but opposite direction.
Draw vector F⃗ =D⃗ −E⃗ by following the steps in the tactics box above. When drawing −E⃗ , keep in mind that it has the same magnitude as E⃗ but opposite direction.