Flying in a Straight Line with Rotated Axes| Vector Addition and Subtraction| Analytical Method| College Physics| Problem 3.21

You fly 32.0 km in a straight line in still air in the direction 35.0° south of west.
(a) Find the distances you would have to fly straight south and then straight west to arrive at the same point. (This determination is equivalent to finding the components of the displacement along the south and west directions.)
(b) Find the distances you would have to fly first in a direction 45.0º south of west and then in a direction 45.0
° west of north. These are the components of the displacement along a different set of axes—one rotated 45.0°

SOLUTION:

PART A

The component along the south direction is

D_s=Rsin\theta =\left(32.0\:km\right)sin\:35^{\circ} =18.4\:km

The component along the west direction is

D_w=Rcos\theta =\left(32.0\:km\right)cos35^{\circ} =26.2\:km

PART B

Consider the following figure with the rotated axes x’-y’.

7

The component along the southwest direction is

D_{SW}=Rcos\theta '=\left(32.0\:km\right)cos10^{\circ} =31.5\:km

The component along the northwest direction is

D_{NW}=Rsin\theta '=\left(32.0\:km\right)cos10^{\circ} =5.56\:km

 

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