Chemistry in Context| Essential Ideas| Chemistry| Openstax| Problem 7

The amount of heat required to melt 2 lbs of ice is twice the amount of heat required to melt 1 lb of ice. Is this observation a macroscopic or microscopic description of chemical behavior? Explain your answer.

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Chemistry in Context| Essential Ideas| Chemistry| Openstax| Problem 6

According to one theory, the pressure of gas increases as its volume decreases, because the molecules in the gas have to move a shorter distance to hit the walls of the container. Does this theory follow a macroscopic or microscopic description of chemical behavior? Explain your answer.

Chemistry in Context| Essential Ideas| Chemistry| Openstax| Problem 5

Identify each of the underlined items as a part of either the macroscopic domain, the microscopic domain, or the symbolic domain of chemistry. For any in the symbolic domain, indicate whether they are symbols for a macroscopic or a microscopic feature. (a) A certain molecule contains one H atom and one Cl atom. (b) Copper wire has a density of about 8 g/cm3. (c) The bottle contains 15 grams of Ni powder. (d) A sulfur molecule is composed of eight sulfur atoms.

Chemistry in Context| Essential Ideas| Chemistry| Openstax| Problem 4

Identify each of the underlined items as a part of either the macroscopic domain, the microscopic domain, or the symbolic domain of chemistry. For any in the symbolic domain, indicate whether they are symbols for a macroscopic or a microscopic feature. (a) The mass of a lead pipe is 14 lb. (b) The mass of a certain chlorine atom is 35 amu. (c) A bottle with a label that reads Al contains aluminum metal. (d) Al is the symbol for an aluminum atom.

Chemistry in Context| Essential Ideas| Chemistry| Openstax| Problem 3

Identify each of the following statements as being most similar to a hypothesis, a law, or a theory. Explain your reasoning. (a) The pressure of a sample of gas is directly proportional to the temperature of the gas. (b) Matter consists of tiny particles that can combine in specific ratios to form substances with specific properties. (c) At a higher temperature, solids (such as salt or sugar) will dissolve better in water.

Chemistry in Context| Essential Ideas| Chemistry| Openstax| Problem 2

Identify each of the following statements as being most similar to a hypothesis, a law, or a theory. Explain your reasoning. (a) Falling barometric pressure precedes the onset of bad weather. (b) All life on earth has evolved from a common, primitive organism through the process of natural selection. (c) My truck’s gas mileage has dropped significantly, probably because it’s due for a tune-up.