Show that the order of addition of three vectors does not affect their sum. Show this property by choosing any three vectors A, B, and C, all having different lengths and directions. Find the sum A + B + C then find their sum when added in a different order and show the result is the same. (There are five other orders in which A, B, and C can be added; choose only one.)
Consider the three vectors shown in the figure below:
First, we shall add them A+B+C. Using the head-tail or graphical method of vector addition, we have the figure shown below.
Now, let us try to find the sum of the three vectors by reordering vectors A, B, and C. Let us try to find the sum of C+B+A in that order. The result is shown below.
We can see that the resultant is the same directed from the origin upward. This proves that the resultant must be the same even if the vectors are added in different order.