a) The average distance between the Earth and the Sun is . Calculate the average speed of the Earth in its orbit in kilometers per second.
b) What is this is meters per second?
a) We assume that the earth revolves around the sun in a circular manner. Therefore, the distance between the earth and the sun will be the radius of its orbit.
The total distance traveled the earth in full revolution is
The total time of travel is
Therefore, the average speed is
Therefore, the average velocity of the earth is 19.91 km/s.
b) Convert 19.91 km/s to m/s.
Therefore, the velocity is 19910 m/s.